Ancient Rome

Culture and History from 8th Century BC to the 4th Century AD.

Temple of Janus

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/temple-of-janus 31st Jul 2021 - While very little remains of The Roman Temple of Janus (located in The Forum of The City of Rome), The Temple was dedicated to The God Janus (symbol o …

Peregrinus

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/peregrinus 31st Jul 2021 - ''Peregrinus'' was a 1st Century AD Roman term to denote any Person within a Roman Province that was Free (not a Slave), yet not a Roman Citizen by bi …

Legio II ''Italica''

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/legio-ii-italica 31st Jul 2021 - The Roman Legio II was formed in 165 AD, under the dual Emperorship of Marcus Aurelius and Lucis Verus (Brothers). Numbering roughly 3,000 Soldiers, t …

Temple of Jupiter Stator

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/temple-of-jupiter-stator 31st Jul 2021 - The Temple of Jupiter Stator was located on The Capitoline Hill, in Ancient Rome. It was said that, during The Kingdom Era (753-509 BC), King Romulus …

Epulones

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/epulones 31st Jul 2021 - Translated to the term ''Feasters'' – The Epulones were a fixture of late Kingdom and Early Roman Republic Social Events. They were primarily re …

Manus and Sine Manus Marriage

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/manus-and-sine-manus-marriage 31st Jul 2021 - Devised by Ancient Roman Law, Manus and Sine Manus Marriage was a form of two civil Marriage Contracts seen as legally binding in Late Kingdom and Ear …

''Umbilicus Urbus Romae''

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/umbilicus-urbus-romae 31st Jul 2021 - In Ancient Rome the term ''Umbilicus Urbus Romae'' was translated to mean ''The Navel of The City of Rome''. In other words, this location within The …

Ballistarii

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/ballistarii 31st Jul 2021 - As we have seen, The Ballistae was one of Ancient Rome's Military Siege weapons (2nd Century BC forward) The Device was used to hurl stones or debris …

The Column of Marcus Aurelius

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/the-column-of-marcus-aurelius 31st Jul 2021 - The Roman Column of Emperor Marcus Arurelius was erected in The City of Rome in 193 AD. It was erected by that Emperor to celebrate Rome's victory in …

Andabatae Gladiator

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/andabatae-gladiator 31st Jul 2021 - Some considered The Andabatae Fighter more of a “comic” relief that a true fighter. Often, an accused criminal may be “pressed&rdquo …

Provocator Gladiator

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/provocator-gladiator 31st Jul 2021 - Considered elite among other Gladiators, The Provocator (or”Challenger”), was usually the most trained and experienced of his Classificati …

Hoplomachus Gladiator

https://www.stronghold-nation.com/history/ref/hoplomachus-gladiator 31st Jul 2021 - These Gladiators were paired against Thraex and Samnite Opponents in various special Events and Spectacles. They wore little armor, but did “mir …