This Standard was used to identify English Kings from 1189 to 1307. Four English Kings adopted it. Seen as a red horizontal shape, it featured 3 gold Lions (although placed horizontally). The Lion represents Monarchy. Also known as “The Plantagenent Royal Arms”, Richard I was said to have carried this Standard in The Third Crusades. It was “well known” to The Muslims. It was later replaced with The Cross of St. George Flag (although The Monarchy adapted a Flag version which incorporated their supposed “claims” on France from 1308 to 1405).