The “Tincture” of Heraldry is nothing more than the primary colors used in the painting and embellishment of a Coat of Arms or Crest. The “7 basic” tincture colors were: Red, Blue, Purple, Black, Green, Gold and Silver). There are several “sub-catagories” of tincture colors. Many different formats were used (depending of the Country making The Arms). Some colors were more frequented than others. Certain colors were only to be used on Royal Coats of Arms (Purple being the most seen). By the 16th Century, Coloring was changed to include more natural colors and of course, “Stains” (which were used first to darken and highlight – before they were used as a sign of disavowment).