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Flags of The Confederate 1st Florida Infantry

  • American Civil War
  • 2 mins

By Crusader1307

At times confusing, The 1st Florida Infantry Regiment, featured 10 Companies of Volunteers. Founded in 1861, The Regiment of 600 men were assigned to The Confederate Army of Tennessee (under General Joseph Johnson). They were decimated during their first year, losing 300 of their number. By the epic Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee  (1862), The Regiment gallantly held the field on the 2nd day, buying time for The Army to escape. Unfortunately, they again suffered huge loses. Still together, by 1863 The 1st Florida was merged with another decimated Florida Regiment, The 3rd (an Artillery Unit). The reconstituted Unit was known as The 1st-3rd Florida. The Regiment fought in 60 battles and engagements in The American Civil War. They held the Confederate Line at the Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia  (1863). The Regiment was also one of the last to surrender with Johnson's Army in April, 1865 (making it among the last of the Confederacy last Land Forces to capitulate).

 

1st Florida Flag:
The first Regimental Colors were based on the Confederate "Battle Flag". A Red Field, it featured "The Southern Cross" (in Blue) - trimmed in White. 12 (6)-pointed White Stars were arranged in sets of 3 in each bar of the Saltire. No Center symbolism was placed. In the Upper Top center Quarter, the Regimental designation was stitched in White. The Units major "Battle Honor" for The Battle of Shiloh was placed on the lower Center Quarter. After the Unit was merged, it ceased to be used (1863).

 

                      

 

1st-3rd Florida Flag:
After the 1st Florida was merged with survivors of The 3rd Florida, their Unit Colors were changed (1863). The new Flag was a Red Field with a White "Southern Cross" (trimmed in Blue). A series of (3) 5-pointed Stars in Red were placed in all Quarters of the Saltire. In the Center of the Cross, was a Red Crest Shield with the Regiment Designation. Battle Honors were placed on all Quarters with the exception of the Lower Quarter. A Gold pair of Crossed Artillery Cannon barrels (referencing the Artillery history of The 3rd Florida). It was this Flag that surrendered in 1865.