The basic Shield used in The Old and Middle Kingdoms, was a large wooden construction, about 4.5 feet in length and 3.5 feet in width. Originally, animal hides were cut, scraped and dried. After which, they would be chemically treated (to create an even stronger bond). The piece would be affixed to a wooden frame and latched together to create a tight fit (while semi dry). Very light (yet strong), these shields were easy (and cheap) to make and supply. Often decorated to identify a specific Unit in the field – an animal hide Guige (handle) was placed on the inside. This also served to hold extra Spears.