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American 3rd Virginia Infantry

  • The American Revolution
  • 2 mins

By Crusader1307

Formed in Alexandria, Virginia in 1775 – in response to Colonial America's War against Great Britain for it's Independence, The 3rd Regiment of Virginia Infantry composed of (3) Companies. When they were mustered into The Continental Army of General George Washington – some 309 Officers and Men were present. The Regiment suffered well over 100 casualties at the frozen hell known as Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. The surviving 200 would go on to fight at some of the hard pressed battles of the War, to include Trenton (1776), Princeton (1777) and Brandywine (1777). The Regiment took place in the epic Siege of Charleston, South Carolina (1780). Part of The Garrison there, they (and their French Patriots) were surrendered to The British after a 6-week siege.

 

The serious American defeat put over 5,000 Soldiers of all ranks into British custody. Seen as ''Rebels'', The 3rd were treated more as ''convicts and traitors'' rather than ''honorably surrendered'' Soldiers. The Regiment was split up with some going into the dreaded Prison Boats of England (off The American Coast) or Stockaded into Cities still under British control. The loss of The ''Charleston'' Army was a crushing blow so late into The American Revolutionary War, that it removed all American Forces from The South (save Irregular and Raider Cavalry). It is unclear of how many 3rd Regiment soldiers survived The War's end in 1783, but some numbers suggest barely a dozen.

 

Clad in the new regulation American Infantry Uniform proposed for The Continental Army of Dark Blue with Red facings, a Buff or White Trouser, Shirt and Vest was issued. The Regimental Flag was created by The Ladies of Alexandria, and reflected a Goldenrod colored Field with a Beaver engaging in the felling of a Tree (to denote industry). The Upper Left Canton was a Field of Blue, into which was placed (13) White Stars (arranged in no set pattern as of yet).