The 4th USCT Infantry Regiment was formed as a result of US President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation (which paved the way for Black American Volunteers to join The Union Army). Mustered into service in 1863, The 4th consisted of (6) Companies of Volunteers from various Counties in The State of Maryland. Immediately sent into action with The 28th Corps. - The 4th saw heavy action in the battles surrounding the eventual capture of The Confederate Capital of Richmond (Virginia).
They would eventually participate in the far Northern ''arm'' of General Sherman's Georgia Campaign, moving through North Carolina and downwards, to link up in Savannah, Georgia with His Forces (1864). They would Garrison The City of Willmington (North Carolina), until the end of The War. Their casualties reported for their 2-years of combat service was 292 Officers and Men.