The Schiltron

  • Tactic
  • 1 min

By Crusader1307

The Schiltron Tactic was a variation of The Pike and later Infantry Square. Used extensively in Scottish warfare during the 13th through 14th Centuries, it’s adoption was seen as the only viable counter to the better equipped and more numerous Armies of England. The use of Pole Arms were common in Scotland, but any available weapon could be adopted to The Schiltron. It is speculated that it was brought to Scotland during The Saxon Invasions of the 10th Century, as The “Shield Wall”. The term were two variations of The Schiltron. The Circular and Rectilinear Patterns. Both were designed to maximize tightly packed Formations of Troops. They were often supported by Cavalry. Troops using The Circular Pattern, would be placed 2 to 3 deep. Subsequent Ranks served as support and to fill in gaps. Cavalry was used to support or charge a disoriented Enemy from the Center. The Rectilinear Pattern was used only if the Formations Rear was safe or well protected. This Pattern was best described as being “elongated rectangular”. Deployment was the same as The Circular Pattern. Musket, when they became available, were briefly incorporated into The Schiltron. With their widescale use, other Formations better suited to Firearms deployment were developed, with The Schiltron Tactic becoming obsolete.