The Oxford Provisions

  • Medieval Era
  • 1 min

By Crusader1307

The document known as “The Oxford Provisions”, contained a series of early limitations on Royal Power. Enacted (and enforced) by English Barons (via The Baron's War). Accepted by King Henry III (England) in 1258, The Provisions stopped the heavy taxation and mishandling of English Government by Henry (and no doubt his future heirs). Monetary gains were granted by The Baron's as inducement to King Henry. The document called for a “Council of 15” to met with The King 3 times per year. The Group would advise and bring whatever grievances had been found. The Council also would serve as oversight for other branches of Government. The establishment of a Parliament was called for as well as punishments for inept Government Officials. Begrudgingly accepted, Henry's power was kept in check for several years. However by 1261, many Baron's had began to fractionally divide among themselves. Seizing the initiative, King Henry went to Rome to seek Papal repudiation of The Provisions. Granted, another civil war would follow (The 2nd Baron's War). Henry won this engagement, but the process of Constitutional Principles were already established and would slowly grow to eventually make a Constitutional Monarchy.