Scholasticism was a Medieval Era Philosophy, by which differing viewpoints (ideas) are debated upon – which each view offering accepted knowledge to advance their opinion. In The Middle ages, much of this ''knowledge'' was based on two Foundations. The first, was accepted ''Pagan'' Philosophy – such as Plato, Aristotle, etc. These were seen as purist or basic ideas, long since proven and accepted as fact (up to that time). The second, was established Theological knowledge as found in The Christian Bible. To deny these principles, was seen as a form of Heresy.
Regardless of the continuing advances in Science and Technology at The Era, Scholasticism was the accepted rationale for most Medieval Universities from 1100 to 1700 AD. It was a primary foundation for the establishment of the many religious doctrines which are still (to a degree) – followed. Scholasticism was especially prevalent in Italy, France, England and Spain.