The Medici Family “ruled” over Florence, Italy from 1421 (and on and off until the early 18th Century). Ruthless, they not only controlled Government, but in some cases – The Catholic Church (through Family appointments). They also employed one of the largest “hired” standing Armies in Italy at one point. The Families Personal Colors, where a White Field with their Family Crest placed center. It flew over their “controlled” Territory (as well as their “Merchant Fleet”).