The ''Gladiatoria'' was a German 15th Century AD Manual of ''Combat Arts'' which incorporated the still used Armored Knight and close quarters tactics using a variety of edged weapons. Unlike other Manuals of it's type, it was developed solely by Germans and was not based on other European Treatsies. Longsword and Daggers were stressed. The Manual also covered the previously discussed ''tactical'' methods of The Judicial Duel. It is unknown of who the Author(s) of The Gladiatoria were. A surviving 1430 AD copy is richly illustrated (by hand). These Manuals would have been used in various Instructors who trained young Noblemen in The ''Combat Arts''.