The Ghazi were a Class of Warrior, seen between the 7th and 12th Centuries AD – in many Middle Eastern Caliphates. They were part Irregular Forces and (when not actively engaged), Brigands. Loosely aligned Tribesmen that were brought together, they were often very effective desert fighters and light Cavalry. The Ottoman Empire utilized a form of Ghazi Warriors in many of their Colonial possessions, thus freeing up their primary Armies from patrol and occupation duties. Most Ghaze received their ''payment'' for services rendered, via raiding.
The Ghazi were also seen as a type of Elite Force (at times), being used deep behind and inside Enemy Territory. They disrupted supply lines (especially water sources) and maintained a need to weaken an Army by it's Commander having to divert Forces to combat them. The Battle of Manzikert in 1071 AD was a classic example of the effectiveness of The Ghazi, when large numbers were used against The Byzantine Army by The Seljuk Empire. Lightly Armored for speed and mobility, The Ghazi used Bow and Arrow, Sword and Shield. Their horses used no Armor.