Basically, The Roman Rocale was nothing more than a -scarf! However, The Focale was not worn as a “fashion statement” or “Trend”. The Focale was dyed Red (the color of Imperial Roman Legions), and made of wool. It was worn in a “Cravat” style around the neck, with the entirety of it placed between the Tunica (Tunic) and any outer Armor. It served to stop friction and chafing on the upper chest and neck. In winter time, it would be worn wrapped around the Legionaries neck (to keep warm) – and in summer, it was common to wet The Focale and wear it on the head as a bandanna. This helped keep the head cool under the different types of Roman Helmets.