Raised in Washington County, Virginia in 1861, The 37th Virginia Volunteer Infantry totaled 850 Officers and Men in (roughly (8) Companies. They were assigned to The Army of Northern Virginia, under General Robert E. Lee. The Regiment fought in (18) Major Battles and Campaigns of The American Civil War. Assigned briefly to General Thomas ''Stonewall'' Jackson and his ''Foot Cavalry'', The Regiment fought in the hard pressed Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Their highest number of casualties suffered in a single engagement was 260 Men, at Gettysburg (1864. When The Regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House in 1865, only (2) Officers and 39 Soldiers survived.
The 37th used the standard Army of Northern Virginia Battle Flag known as The Southern Cross. Their Unit Name and Number identifier was placed on their Colors, as were their many Battles they fought in. They wore the standard Uniform of The Confederate Army, which was wool Cadet Grey.