Chain Mail can trace it's linage back to the days of Ancient Rome (in some forms) - when it was known as "Lorca". By The Middle Ages, it's design had changed little. In construction, small to moderate metal loops or circular braids were interlocked together. This technique was repeated over and over. The effects of this process created protection to large areas of the body of the wearer. Often used by itself, Chain Mail gave it's user free range of mobility. Still considered "low level" protection, they were not effective against the Crossbow or other similar punching weapons. Often combined with other heavier armor, it was often used as protective undergarment. It protected areas were heavier armor did not cover. Mail was used to fashion Coifs, Gloves and Foot coverings. Many examples still survive.