Named for King Charles XI (and later Charles XII) of Sweden, these late 17th Century Soldiers were in essence - Light Infantry. Unlike most traditional Soldiers of their Era, The "Caroleans" were set apart by their development and reliance on The Bayonet and a strongoing sense of "Esprit de Corps". Sweden (although a small Nation), gained a reputation for it's Soldiers fierceness and bravery in combat - during The Great Northern Wars. Noted for first The Pike and then later Bayonet, the Elite Carolean Infantry were perhaps the first to adopt the Infantry "Spirit of the Bayonet" mantra and determination. Known for their ability to commit charge after charge, it was this determination that would give them their reputation.
An example of this battle ethos is cited at The Battle of Poltava (against Russia). Of the 35,000 Caroleans involved, 70% died of Explosive and famine. Still, the surviving Forces continued with the Battle - and won. Caroleans were also fervent Protestants. Soldiers did not gamble, drink or commit any violations against God's Laws. The mere act of "using The Lord's Name in vain", was punished by death! The Caroleans also were distinguished by their Dark Blue Greatcoats, trimmed in Yellow. They wore The Tricorne Hat. Although considered Light Infantry, they typically carried many weapons. These included Musket, Pistol, Knife and heavy Broadsword. By 1718, much of The Swedish Army underwent restructuring, with the need for The Carolean "style" of warfare - ceasing.