More closely associated with The Northern Plains Tribes (Native American) of The United States – a ''Buffalo Pound'' was a hand-made containment location – used to corral the Wild Buffalo. Made of wood reinforced by stone and layers of hide, these were circular constructs which featured a ''closing'' Opening at some point. The containment was typically 5 to 6-feet in height.
In usage, mounted Hunters would ''chase'' a Herd of Buffalo into a controlled stampede. Riding on the perimeters of The Herd, Hunters would thus ''guide'' The Herd with ''shouts and yells'' (and later with Rifle shot). The Hunters would thus ''steer'' The Herd into the pre-built ''Pound''.
Once ''collected'', Tribes could take their time to slaughter The Herd and distribute all meat throughout The Tribe. The first European mention of The ''Buffalo Pound'' dates to 1758 (White Traders). It is speculated that such Pounds may date back as far as 5,000 years to early Native American Tribes.