Royalty have used various Standards and Banners to identify themselves (by presence) and Property – for thousands of years. Famed English King Edward (The Confessor), was no different. While many speculate as to his actual Banner, the following example was most likely his. Reigning from 1042 AD until 1066 AD, his banner was said to be a ''Shield'' Shaped design in a light Blue (seen as an early Royal color). Centered , a Gold Cross was featured which was surrounded by (5) Martlet Birds. The birds are said to represent the combination of French and English Kingdoms (of which Edward claimed). The Banner would be among the last used by Monarchs in England, adopting the Lion imagery and Blue and Red color scheme after 1066.