Carrack

  • Ship
  • 1 min

By Crusader1307

Developed around the 15th Century, The Carrack classification of vessel was the top of the “Medieval technological” design method. Normally a 3 to 4 Masted (wind powered) ship, they were used for trade, commerce, exploration and warfare. They were also noted for their distinctive rounded stern (or rear). They were designed to withstand the rigors of ocean travel, being constructed of heavy oak overlaying planking and inner support ribbing (to withstand stress). Carracks had size ranging (depending on the Nation and Shipbuilder), of 60 to 90 feet (on average), with an 18 to 25 foot beam (height). These were square sailed vessels, which began to employ multiple sail combinations (coupled with rope deployment and readying techniques), which would lead to the larger and more elegant Galleons and Ships of The Line, which would eventually be designed from them. A normal compliment of crew ranged as well from 40 to 100 sailors (depending on the type of mission or task the Carrack was used for). Most sea faring Nations had developed a Carrack class of ship. Some of the better versions were produced in Spain and Portugal. A famous example of a Carrack-style of vessel would be Christopher Columbus' Flagship “The Santa Maria”.